Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola, pronounced:  Kikongo, Kimbundu, Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Portuguese were present in some—mostly coastal—points of the territory of what is now Angola, from the 16th to the 19th century, interacting in diverse ways with the peoples that lived there. In the 19th century they slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior.

Angola as a Portuguese colony encompassing the present territory was not established before the end of the 19th century, and "effective occupation", as required by the Berlin Conference (1884) was achieved only by the 1920s. Independence was achieved in 1975, after a protracted liberation war.

After independence, Angola was the scene of an intense civil war from 1975 to 2002. The country has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy has grown on average at a two-digit pace since the 1990s, and especially since the end of the civil war. However, its level of human development is rather low, and its life expectancy and infant mortality rates are both among the worst-ranked in the world.


Ambriz is a city, commune and municipality in Bengo Province, Angola. The population of Ambriz is majority Bakongo, with some Portuguese descedents. Also, the population also includes Ovimbundu and Kimbundu. Fishing is the traditional activity and low-scale agricultural activity. In the past, Ambriz had an oil and gas platform assembly yard (PETROMAR), which was destroyed as result…
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Benguela (São Felipe de Benguela, formerly spelled Benguella) is a city in western Angola, south of Luanda, and capital of Benguela Province. It lies on a bay of the same name, in 12° 33’ S., 13° 25’ E. Benguela is one of Angola's most populous cities. Benguela, a Portuguese fort from 1587, was founded in…
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Huambo, formerly Nova Lisboa ("New Lisbon" in Portuguese), is the capital ofHuambo province in Angola. The city is located about 220 km E from Benguelaand 600 km SE from Luanda. The city's last known population count was 225,268. Huambo is a main hub on the Caminho de Ferro de Benguela (CFB)(the Benguela Railway), which runs from the port of Benguela to the Congoborder,…
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Lobito is a town and municipality in Benguela Province in Angola. It dates from 1905 and owes its existence to the bay of the same name having been chosen as the sea terminus of the Benguela railway to the far interior, passing throughLuau to Katanga in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The city is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The population…
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Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capitaland largest city of Angola. Located on Angola's coast with the Atlantic Ocean, Luanda is both Angola's chief seaport and its administrative center. It has a population of at least 5 million (2008).  It is also the capital city of Luanda Province, and the world's third…
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Lubango is the capital city of the Angolan province of Huíla. Its last known population was 100,757. Until 1975, the city's official name was Sá da Bandeira. In 1882 approximately one thousand of Portuguese settlers came from the island of Madeira to the area of current-day Lubango, Angola. These Portuguese farmers successfully developed the whole region and founded…
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Luena (pre-1975: Vila Luso) is a town located in east central Angola. It is the administrative capital of Moxico Province. While no exact figures are available, estimates on the population of the city varies from 60,000 to 200,000 residents, including an unknown number of refugees from the Angolan Civil War that officially ended in 2002. The Angolan town…
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Malanje is the capital city of Malanje Province in Angola with a population of approximately 222,000. Nearby is the spectacular Calandula waterfalls, 85 km from the city. These falls are 105 metres high and their great width makes them the main tourist attraction in the region. It is a breathtaking sight. Pedras Negras de Pungo Andongo are massive black…
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Menongue is a town and municipality in Cuando Cubango Province in Angola. It is the terminus of the southern railway from Namibe. After independence in 1975, MiG 23 aircraft from the nearby airbase launched air strikes against the SADF during the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale (1987-1988), a battle of the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002).
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Namibe (pre-1985: Moçâmedes) is the capital city of Namibe Province in Angola. It is a coastal desert city located in southwestern Angola and was founded in 1840 by the Portuguese rulers of the territory. The city's current population is 132,900 (2004 estimate). Namibe has a cool dry climate and desert vegetation due to its proximity to…
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Porto Amboim

Porto Amboim is a port town in Angola with a population of 65,000; it comprises an area of 4,638 km². It is connected by an isolated 123 km 610mm narrow gauge railway toGabela, albeit closed in 1987 due to the civil war and to the abandonment of most coffee plantations, the biggest source of revenue from Gabela.…
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Soyo (formerly known as Santo António do Zaire) is a city located in theprovince of Zaire in Angola. Soyo recently became the largest oil-producing region in the country, with an estimate of 1,200,000 barrels per day (190,000 m3/d). Soyo (originally spelled "Sonho" and pronounced Sonyo) was a province of theKingdom of Kongo, which stretched south from…
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